At the beginning of the year, I wrote a blog predicting a Greek departure from the euro. I suggested that this was the inevitable scenario given that Greece has debt at 144 per cent of GDP and its economy was and is in a downward spiral of contraction and austerity. Well, now most analysts have come out of the woodwork and seem to agree with my view.
In my posting, I also suggested that although Greece would take a massive hit, optimistically its departure could be manageable if the markets were convinced that no other countries would follow, particularly vulnerable countries such as Spain and Italy.
I said that it would need international officials to put a firewall around Greece to avoid the markets getting spooked. Of course all this holds true today although thus far I’m not sure if European officials are doing enough to reassure the markets as witnessed last week.
Confusion reigns supreme with Angela Merkel and President Hollande saying that they want to keep Greece in the euro but Christine Lagarde, head of the International Monetary Fund raising the possibility of orchestrating an ‘orderly exit’ for Greece from the eurozone.
So there you have it, although I still predict a Greek exit sooner rather than later, I guess much hangs on how the Greek elections in June turn out.
So what would a return to the drachma mean and how would the UK, in particular the housing market, be affected? It all comes back to my earlier point and how the exit is handled. Worst case scenario it will be complete chaos.
In the words of Charles Dallara, the International Institute of Finance chief, the damage to the rest of Europe from a Greek exit would be ‘somewhere between catastrophic and Armageddon’.
Therefore potentially a complete temporary collapse of the banking system although from a UK perspective, Mervyn King, governor of the Bank of England has suggested that contingency plans are in place were this to happen after warning that the eurozone was showing signs of ‘tearing itself apart’.
Even in the best case scenario, the UK would inevitably be affected by this scenario. Already there are signs that investors are spooked as customers withdrew their monies from Santander UK in the wake of the downgrading of the bank’s credit rating. And we should expect more or this jittery behaviour.
On a national level, certainly economic growth would collapse as our export market would nose dive bearing in mind half our market is in the eurozone. Plus our goods would be that much more expensive to buy as our currency increases in value being perceived as a (relatively) safe haven.
As for the mortgage market, I foresee banks resorting to behaviour last seen at the outset of the credit crisis, storing up capital and abandoning aspirations of market share.
This is evident already to some extent and with more stringent regulation on the horizon, in the form of Basel III which will have a wide ranging impact on bank’s capital holdings, this behaviour is set to continue.
With total disruption to banking and capital markets, it will prove harder for banks to raise new debt and significantly more expensive. So the cost of funding would inevitably rocket and homeowners would be hit by increases in mortgage rates.
Banks would be keen to pass on costs to the consumer so upward pricing of mortgages would persist. On top of this mortgage availability would dry up and the possibility of obtaining credit would dwindle. This will inevitably have a knock-on effect to house prices which will fall significantly as consumer confidence is dented further.
The exception to this would be the London market where luxury houses in particular will rise exponentially. Already Savills reports that homes costing more than £1.5m jumped by 39 per cent in April as investors from Greece and Spain in particular seek a safe haven for their monies.
All in all, not a rosy picture then. But going full circle, back to my blog again, it all comes down to how orderly our plans are to resolve the situation. Because resolve it we must before we, and our EU partners, can move forward.
Tony Ward is the chief executive of Home Funding