A self-invested personal pension allows greater control of pension investments and a wider range of options. This means that, subject to what legislation will allow, you can decide when, where and how to invest your pension contributions.
By using a Sipp, you are able to access investment funds which are managed by the full range of fund managers. You will also be able to invest your fund directly in stocks and shares, commercial property and other assets.
To assist with this, the fund will be able to borrow up to a maximum of 50 per cent of the net assets of the scheme. However, it should be noted that when borrowing to help fund a property purchase, the Sipp will also need to cover all associated costs such as stamp duty and legal fees.
As well as buying a new property, the ban on connected party transactions that was lifted by HM Revenue & Customs on April 6, 2006 means that if you already own a commercial property, you can either sell the property to your Sipp or pass the property to your Sipp as an in specie contribution. Technically speaking, it is not possible for property, shares or other allowable assets to be passed to a scheme as a contribution. However, the Revenue has confirmed that it is possible to say: “I am going to contribute £100,000 to my Sipp and to discharge this obligation I give my Sipp this property or these shares.”
Where the allowable asset is passed to a scheme, the contribution will benefit from tax relief limited to the higher of earnings or £3,600 gross, rather than the full value of the asset.
When passing a property to a pension scheme as a contribution, any outstanding mortgage will need to be paid off before the property can be moved into the pension scheme.
But where you own an existing property, what is the best option?
The in specie transfer might appear to be the more attractive of the two because tax relief is available on the contribution. However, the major drawback with this method is that the mortgage must be paid off before the transfer can proceed.
Investors wishing to benefit from tax relief on the full value of the property will need to have earnings that are at least equal to the value of the property. It would therefore appear that the most practical method of moving property into a pension is likely to be to build up a fund first and then buy the property.
In relation to share ownership within a Sipp, the following points should be noted:
The person transferring the ownership of the asset will be liable for any capital gains tax on any gain in the asset since he acquired it. He may also be liable for stamp duty.
The simplest way of making a contribution to a pension scheme equal to the value of assets held would be to sell those assets and pay the proceeds into the pension plan.
This avoids the potential problems with an in specie contribution and allows someone who does not initially have the cash to make a substantial contribution to their pension scheme. Tax relief will be given on the contribution as normal, assuming the gross contribution does not exceed their UK earnings. Capital gains tax and stamp duty may be payable on the sale of assets.
The disadvantages are that the assets do not end up in the pension scheme, unless the pension scheme subsequently buys the assets. This could involve delay and values may have moved in the meantime. If the asset was a property, of course, it might not be available for sale.
Lisanne Mealing is a director at MDM Associates