View more on these topics

Chris Gilchrist: The problem with managing to volatility

Chris Gilchrist 700

Advisers deal with people who have capital. For the vast majority the prime concern is not losing their capital. As people get to grips with the consequences of increased longevity and lower-for-longer interest rates, this is becoming more important. In decumulation, a serious market downturn can wipe you out in a way that it simply will not during the accumulation phase.

So the right starting point is containment of wipeout risk, and the conventional view is  this is best achieved by asset allocation. That risk has to be assessed not in terms of volatility but of drawdown – the maximum historical peak-to-trough loss. For example, it is quite unrealistic to take the low volatility of physical property funds as a proxy for risk. As we saw in 2008, a 30 per cent decline in values can come out of a clear blue sky. Knowing that is possible, it would be irresponsible to allocate a large proportion of capital to physical property on the basis of its low volatility.

A typical balanced portfolio will show drawdowns of 30 per cent or more in 2008/09. Many clients will not sign up to that. But if you do not tell them about the historic drawdown and they do end up losing that much, you could lose a complaint case at the Financial Ombudsman Service and in my view you would deserve to lose it.

It is natural managers and advisers want to promise a greater degree of capital safety. The obvious answer is to promise active asset allocation that will minimise drawdowns. So we have a new fashion among investment managers, which is to “manage to volatility”.

You set volatility parameters for a portfolio and then switch capital between asset classes to prevent the volatility of the portfolio rising or falling too far. Importantly, this means you can ignore historical drawdowns in telling clients what to expect from their portfolios because you assume active asset allocation will enable you to step out of the way of approaching trains.

There are two problems with this. One is that “manage to volatility” is simply a variety of market timing and at best it will take decades more evidence to establish that it can work. Most academic work suggests it will not. A second is that you cannot compare portfolios managed using conventional asset allocation methods with those managed to volatility. You can trust the historic drawdowns, but not the volatility, of the first and you can trust the historic volatility, but not the drawdowns, of the second (remember those property crashes – there is no direct link between volatility and drawdown). Put both types of portfolio together in one table and you are comparing apples with bananas.

How do you assess a manager that suddenly tacks to aggressive cash allocation in all its portfolios? Perhaps you ought to ignore all their historic statistics, since they give no meaningful indication of likely future returns or drawdowns.

There is a bigger danger. The 1987 crash was partly caused by “portfolio insurance” triggering stop-loss selling, and manage to volatility incurs the same risk. If more managers target volatility, and there is serious money to be made out of spooking them, you can be sure a fraternity of evil hedgies will be ready and willing to try to “flash-crash” them out.

Chris Gilchrist is director of Fiveways Financial Planning


Converting pension savings to a retirement income…

Since last year’s reforms to pension legislation, a significant number of retirees have chosen income drawdown over purchasing an annuity. Income drawdown is more flexible than an annuity. However, it also increases the likelihood that individuals won’t be able to maintain their income throughout their lifetime. In this short video, we explain the risks that […]


Govt eyes pensions cold-calling exemptions for ‘legitimate’ advisers

The Government says its proposed ban on pensions cold-calls will give “legitimate” advisers a boost. In a consultation paper today, the Government confirms it intends the ban to cover activities such as “free pension reviews,” offers to release funds early or incentives to put overseas investments in a pension. However, the Government says it wants […]


Boiler room gang jailed over £7.5m landbanking fraud

Four men have been jailed over a boiler room scam that defrauded 193 vicitims of £7.5m through a scheme selling land at inflated prices. The men were sentenced following an investigation by City of London Police. The details of the case can only now be made public after reporting restrictions were lifted. James Byrne set […]

Is three a crowd?

The pension versus Isa debate has raged on and off for years. Les Cameron, head of technical at Prudential, asks if three’s a crowd.   I think the debate was arguably settled by pensions freedom when the biggest downside of pensions – limited access and poor death benefits – was fundamentally changed. Total access, albeit with […]


News and expert analysis straight to your inbox

Sign up


    Leave a comment


    Why register with Money Marketing ?

    Providing trusted insight for professional advisers.  Since 1985 Money Marketing has helped promote and analyse the financial adviser community in the UK and continues to be the trusted industry brand for independent insight and advice.

    News & analysis delivered directly to your inbox
    Register today to receive our range of news alerts including daily and weekly briefings

    Money Marketing Events
    Be the first to hear about our industry leading conferences, awards, roundtables and more.

    Research and insight
    Take part in and see the results of Money Marketing's flagship investigations into industry trends.

    Have your say
    Only registered users can post comments. As the voice of the adviser community, our content generates robust debate. Sign up today and make your voice heard.

    Register now

    Having problems?

    Contact us on +44 (0)20 7292 3712

    Lines are open Monday to Friday 9:00am -5.00pm